Mark Lewis and Kathy Dillaber

  • Survivor, Family Member
  • Captioned

Army officer who was inside the Pentagon and helped direct evacuees and search for survivors; Pentagon survivor and 9/11 family member whose sister, Patricia Mickley, was killed in the attack.



This story was filmed as part of our Anniversary in the Schools program, which introduces students to first-person accounts of the 9/11 attacks. Participate in this year’s free program by completing this registration form.

Teaching Guides

Find tailored questions below for teaching this story.

This story may not be appropriate for elementary learners. Please pre-screen and use at your discretion.

As you listen to Kathy and Mark’s story, think about the following questions:

  • How did Kathy’s morning start on 9/11? Describe the process she went through as she evacuated the Pentagon.
  • What actions did Mark take that day that showed courage or heroism?
  • What did Kathy do to remember her sister, Patty, after 9/11?
  • When speaking about those who were killed on 9/11, Mark says, “You take on a responsibility to carry on the mission in their memory.” What are some ways you can honor the memory of those killed on 9/11?

As you listen to Kathy and Mark’s story, consider the following questions:

  • Describe Kathy’s morning on 9/11. How does this give insight into the way people reacted to the events as they unfolded?
  • How did Mark help his colleagues immediately after the attacks and in the hours that followed?
  • What are the ways in which Kathy and Mark remember the victims killed on 9/11? How has the process of commemoration changed in the years since the attacks?
  • Why is it important to remember the victims of historically significant events, like 9/11, that impact the lives of so many people?

Additional Resources

To learn more about the victims at the Pentagon, including Patricia E. Mickley, visit Inside the Collection. To hear more from survivors or family members, visit the Webinar Stories archive.